Greek goddesses who presided over the arts and sciences. They were believed to
inspire all artists, especially poets, philosophers, and musicians. The Muses
were the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory.
The Muses were
venerated throughout Greece, but more so in those areas with many wells and
springs. The area of Boeotia, near Helicon, remained the favorite place of the
Muses, and there they were more venerated than elsewhere. It is also the place
of two well that were sacred to them, Aganippe and Hippocrene. Also Delphi and
the Parnassus were their favorite places, and it was here that Apollo became
their leader (musagetes).
The Muses sat near the throne of Zeus, king of the gods, and sang of his
greatness and of the origin of the world and its inhabitants and the glorious
deeds of the great heroes. From their name words such as music, museum, mosaic